Hips & Elbows
Both Breed Clubs recommend that all breeding Keeshonds are to be both hip and elbow scored prior to mating.
Elbow Dysplasia is a multifactorial disease, which means that a number of factors can influence the occurrence of the condition. The most important factor, however, is the genetic makeup of the dog. Other factors such as growth rate, diet and level of exercise may influence the severity of the disease in an individual dog, but they cannot prevent the disease or reduce the potential of the dog to pass on the disease to offspring. However, studies show that ED has a high heritability confirming that a high proportion of the disease is genetic. Both the BVA and The Kennel Club recommend that breeders should select their breeding stock (both dogs and bitches) only from animals with elbow grades of 0.
Managing Canine Arthritis https://caninearthritis.co.uk